This time you have to write a World War II essay. It means that you have a perfect chance to refresh those memories about the war that some of us might forget.
So many words can be said about the war in World War II essays that it seems you will simply get lost in a variety of topics. Still, you do not know what to write about in World War 2 essays. Of course, you may look through several free essays on World War 2 in search of ideas. However, you may find our suggestions interesting or get instant help with your assignment right here.
Before we present World War II topic ideas, let’s take a short overview of World War 2 Facts:
1. World War II Dates
Germany invaded Poland on September 1, 1939. And on September 3, 1939, France and Britain, fulfilling their obligations to Poland, declared war on Germany and World War II began.
However, the beginning of World War II was preceded by some events, inextricably related:
- September 18, 1931. Japan attacked Manchuria
- October 2, 1935 - May 1936. Fascist Italy invaded Ethiopia, conquered and annexed it
- October 25 - November 1, 1936. On October 25, Nazi Germany and Fascist Italy concluded a cooperation agreement. November 1 announced the creation of the "Rome-Berlin Axis"
- November 25, 1936. Nazi Germany and imperialist Japan concluded the Anti-Comintern Pact, directed against the USSR and the international communist movement
- July 7, 1937. Japan invaded China. The World War II began in the Pacific
- 11-13 March 1938. Germany joins Austria (the so-called Anschluss)
- September 29, 1938. Germany, Italy, Great Britain and France signed the Munich agreement obliging the Czechoslovak Republic to cede Nazi Germany to the Sudetenland (where the critical Czechoslovak fortifications were located)
- 14-15 March 1939. Under pressure from Germany, the Slovaks declared their independence and created the Slovak Republic. The Germans broke the Munich agreement, occupied the Czech lands, and established the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia
- March 31, 1939. France and the United Kingdom provided guarantees of the inviolability of the borders of Poland
- 7-15 April 1939. Fascist Italy attacked Albania and annexed it
- August 23, 1939. Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union signed a non-aggression pact and a secret annex to it, according to which Europe was divided into spheres of influence
Some scientists think that the World War II was a continuation of the World War I ended in 1918.
September 2, 1945, is the date when the World War II ended. Japan, agreed to unconditional surrender on August 14, 1945, officially capitulates, thereby putting an end to World War II.
2. World War II Summary
Perhaps, the World War II was one the most destructive wars in modern history. About 27,000 people were killed each day from September 1, 1939, to September 2, 1945.
The primary opponents were Nazi Germany, fascist Italy, Imperial Japan on the one hand, and allied nations, the Soviet Union, Great Britain (and Commonwealth countries), and the United States.
Germany capitulated on May 7, 1945. At the same time, Japan continued to fight for another four months before their capitulation on September 2. Atomic bombs, dropped by American troops on the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, were first used against Japan.
The end of the war marked the loss of Britain by most of its empire. At the same time, World War II accelerated the revival of the US and Soviet economies as global superpowers.
The end of the World War II marked the beginning of the "Cold War" between the US and the USSR.
3. World War 2 Casualties
The exact World War II casualties remain unknown. However, historians name that the total number of victims was over 60 million people including military and civilians killed. Below you’ll find the list of states suffered the highest losses:
- 42,000,000 people–USSR
- 9,000,000 people–Germany
- 4,000,000 people–China
- 3,000,000 people–Japan
4. World War II: Causes
Perhaps, there were many prerequisites for World War II:
- Japan's victory over Russia in the Russo-Japanese War (1904-05) opened the door for Japanese expansion in the Asia-Pacific region
- The US Navy first developed plans to prepare for a naval war with Japan in 1890
- The Great Depression, and the global recession that followed
- The coming to power of Hitler and his statement about the injustice of the Versailles Treaty, signed in 1918
- The creation in 1935 of the Luftwaffe, as a direct violation of the 1919 treaty
- Remilitarization of the Rhineland in 1936
- Anschluss of Austria and the annexation of part of Czechoslovakia
- Italy's desire to create a Third Rome and Japan's goal to create an independent state with the Pan-Asian sphere of influence
5. World War II: Results
The results of World War II are not limited to losses and destruction. As a result of the war, the face of the world changed: new borders and new states appeared, new tendencies of social development emerged, and significant inventions were made.
The war gave a strong impetus to the development of science and technology. Radar, jet aircraft, ballistic missiles, antibiotics, electronic computers and many other discoveries were made or entered into widespread use during the war. The foundations of the scientific and technological revolution were laid, which transformed and continued to change the postwar world.
The ideology of fascism, Nazism, racism, colonialism thoroughly discredited itself; on the contrary, the ideas of anti-fascism, anti-colonialism, democracy, and socialism gained wide popularity.
The human rights recorded in the UN Charter are internationally recognized. The influence of parties and groups that fought for democracy and social transformations–communists, socialists, social democrats, Christian democrats and other democratic forces, has sharply increased.
In many countries, significant reforms carried out: partial nationalization of industry and banks, the creation of a state system of social insurance, the expansion of workers' rights. In some countries, including France, Italy, Germany, Japan, have adopted new, democratic constitutions. There was a profound renewal of the society, democratization of state and public institutions.
The colonial system disintegration was another significant result and consequence of the Second World War. Before the war, the vast majority of the world's population lived in colonies, the area, and population of which many times exceeded the metropolitan countries: Britain, France, Holland, Belgium, Italy, and Japan.
During the World War 2 and after its end, part of the dependent and colonial countries (Syria, Lebanon, Vietnam, Laos, Cambodia, Indonesia, Burma, Philippines, and Korea) declared itself independent. In 1947, India became independent, divided into two dominions: India and Pakistan. The intense process of liberation of the colonial peoples began, which continued until the complete abolition of the colonies in the second half of the twentieth century.
As a result of the war, the balance of forces in the world has changed dramatically. Germany, Italy, Japan were defeated, for a time turned into dependent countries, occupied by foreign troops. The war destroyed their economy, and they for many years could not compete with their former competitors.
Compared with the pre-war time, the positions of France and even Great Britain weakened considerably. The USA came out of the war significantly strengthened. Having surpassed all other countries economically and militarily, the United States became the sole leader of the capitalist world.
The second "superpower" was the Soviet Union. By the end of the war, the Soviet Union had the most massive land army in the world and substantial industrial potential. The USSR Armed Forces were in many countries of Central and Eastern Europe, East Germany and North Korea.
Some countries liberated by the Soviet Union took the road of non-capitalist development. After the liberation from the occupiers in Albania, Bulgaria, Hungary, Poland, Romania, Czechoslovakia, Yugoslavia, people's democratic governments were established with the participation or under the leadership of the Communists, who began profound social transformations. By the Yalta agreements, these countries were considered to be the sphere of influence of the Soviet Union and were in fact under its control.
If the United States became the leader of the capitalist world, then the Soviet Union led the social forces that opposed capitalism. Two main poles of attraction of the world forces, conventionally called the East and the West, were formed; began to build two ideological and military-political blocs, the confrontation of which largely determined the structure of the post-war bipolar world.
The anti-fascist coalition split. Its participants came into conflict with each other, and the "Cold War" that lasted more than 45 years, until the collapse of the USSR.
Below, catchy suggestions on what you might write about in essays on World War II are presented:
1. Present in your World War 2 essay alternative decisions that could have changed the course of the war dramatically
Such World War 2 essay will aim to explore some of the greatest decision making mistakes of the world leaders. We do not mean that you should discuss some miraculous history events like “what if Hitler had a heart attack.” In the World War 2 essay devoted to this problem, give realistic alternative decisions that were considered but not realized. Analyze those alternatives that could have changed the end of the war.
2. In your World War II essay, try to answer the question “When did Hitler lose the war?”
When did Adolf Hitler lose his chance to win World War II? What was it? These are the World War 2 essay questions you have to answer. Analyze different viewpoints of historians and present your opinion in the essay on World War 2.
3. Cover the themes of atrocity and war-crimes in the World War 2 essay
Acts of genocides and atrocity against civil population occurred in such countries as Japan, the Soviet Union, and Germany. Some of them were so horrific and immense that they changed the psyche of many people and different nations. When disclosing this theme in the Second World War essay, tell about Nazi concentration camps, “Death-camps,” the Holocaust, etc.