Research Proposal: Definition, Purpose, & Writing Steps

Few students fully get the meaning and the importance of a research proposal. If you have a good research proposal, it means that you are going to carry out adequate research. A low-quality research proposal may be the reason your research will never start.

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The main purpose of a research proposal is to convince the reader of your project’s value. You will have to prove that you have a plan for your work and that your project will be successful. Your reader has to be sure that it is not another useless piece of writing, but a profound research work that will be extremely important for science.

The main purpose of a research proposal is to convince the reader of your project's value.

Want to learn more about the reasons why it is important to have a research plan? Continue reading this article by Custom-writing.org experts!

🔤 Research Proposal: Definition

A research proposal is a document that proposes a particular research project, usually in academia or sciences, intending to get funding from an institution. A typical research proposal addresses a range of points:

  • A research question(s) that the proposed research seeks to answer
  • The data & methods that will be used to answer the questions
  • The time and financial costs for the research
  • The prior research in the field
  • Potential benefits for the sponsoring institution

Research proposals are usually required when one plans to write a thesis, dissertation, or research paper. The format is similar to that of a research paper, with an introduction, a literature review, a methods section, and a conclusion.

❗ Research Proposal: Purpose & Importance

The primary goal of any research proposal is to convince a sponsoring institution that a particular research project is worthwhile. The document usually aims to cover the aspects below.

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✔️RelevanceConvince the reader that your project is original, interesting, and essential for a research field you’re working in.
✔️ContextDemonstrate your familiarity with the research field. Show that you know its current state and have a deep understanding of the literature.
✔️ApproachExplain your methodology. Show that your data and methods are thought about well.
✔️FeasibilityTalk about the practical side of your project. Confirm that you’re able to complete the research within the limits of the program or the institution you’re applying to.

👣 Making a Research Plan in 10 Steps

STEP #1: Determine your areaThe first and probably the easiest thing to do is to identify a general study topic or subject area to investigate.
STEP #2: Study literatureOn the second stage, you need to read as much literature on the general topic as possible. Make notes and summarize each study’s purpose and findings.
STEP #3: Find the gap in the literatureThe purpose of the previous step is to determine what studies have already been done on the subject of your research proposal and then identify any obvious gaps in the literature. Find where you can add to the existing body of knowledge.
STEP #4: Make a purpose statementThe purpose of the research proposal is to sell your idea to the funding agency. On this stage, the task is to explain why you are investigating this topic, what you propose to do, and why others should be interested in your research. This is called a purpose statement.
STEP #5: Formulate a question & hypothesesNext, you should craft a research question & hypotheses for your study. Research hypotheses determine what you will investigate and what you expect to find in your study. They are your supposed answers to the research question.
STEP #6: Write an introductionThe research proposal’s introduction should include the components that you created on the previous stages: a problem statement, a summary of the literature (you can use a summary maker for that), a concise description of the gap in the literature, a purpose statement, & a research question.
STEP #7: Describe your methodsIn your methods section, you should outline the procedures you plan to follow to complete the proposed study. The section generally includes: an explanation of the research design and some information on the data collection process.
STEP #8: Describe your research designOutline the research design of your academic research proposal. You should describe two or three possible alternatives for each part of the design.
STEP #9: Describe your data collection proceduresIn this section, describe how you are going to collect your data. Explain the scheme of analyzing the collected data and reporting the results.
STEP #10: Provide a timeline and budgetOn the final stage, you need to give some information on the estimated budget and schedule of your research.

Research Proposal Topics

  1. Research the aspects of corporate social responsibility integration for multinational companies. 
  2. Explore the efficacy of speaker recognition technology for the crime rate reduction.  
  3. Analyze the peculiarities of Nigeria’s healthcare system and the problems it faced during the COVID-19 pandemic.  
  4. Marketing research proposal: study the skill deficiencies of the students of the current occupational training programs and their influence on the job perspectives.  
  5. Write a research proposal on the examination of asthma risk factors for African immigrants.  
  6. Conduct research on cyber terrorism as a political weapon.  
  7. Explore the effective programs for asthma education among adolescents.   
  8. Examine the impact of Nokia’s marketing strategy on its product popularity and the company’s share price.  
  9. Analyze the current situation of VEGA medical center and the necessity to implement sustainable change.  
  10. Formulate a research proposal on the sustainable innovation strategy implementation methods for logistics companies.   
  11. Study the most efficient ways to implement a harm reduction approach in healthcare practice.  
  12. Research the efficacy of current procedures of early ventilator-associated pneumonia diagnostics.  
  13. Explore and compare the consumer behavior of generation Y in the USA and China.  
  14. Research proposal on the usefulness of the mobile app English at Hands implementation in educational establishments’ curricula.  
  15. Analyze whether watching movies can be considered an effective method of foreign language practice. 
  16. Examine the most widespread reasons for medical personnel shortage in low-income countries.  
  17. Study the effect of lowering high-calorie food consumption on human health and life quality.  
  18. Write a research proposal on the effect of technology on human health and living conditions.  
  19. Explore the connection between congestive heart failure and air travel. 
  20. Study the role of government in enhancing the sustainable innovation strategy implementation rates. 
  21. Research the use of BMP in improving e-government security.  
  22. Analyze the necessity of health teaching to middle-aged women.  
  23. Examine the current methods of suicide prevention among geriatric patients.  
  24. Write a research proposal on the investigation of the COVID-19 lockdown on people with mental health issues.  
  25. Explore and compare consumers’ corporate social responsibility awareness in different countries.  
  26. Study the use of the national DNA database for law enforcement.  
  27. Research the specifics and the ways to eliminate narcoterrorism in Mexico.  
  28. Examine the contemporary ways to prevent Clostridium difficile infection.  
  29. Research proposal on the advantages and disadvantages of skin-to-skin contact after labor.  
  30. Explore the reasons for inadequate nurse staffing and its impact on the level of healthcare service.   
  31. Analyze whether telephone follow-ups will help to improve the satisfaction and life quality of diabetic patients. 
  32. Write a research proposal on the safety and efficiency of fad diets.  
  33. Examine the benefits and drawbacks of wireless technologies for modern business organizations.  
  34. Research the reasons that influence the participation rates of African Americans in clinical trials
  35. Study how motivational interviews can reduce childhood obesity rates.  
  36. Research proposal on the role of e-marketing strategies in business development.  
  37. Analyze the connection between critical thinking and mass media literacy.  
  38. Explore the benefits of medicine computerization.  
  39. Examine the impact of computer technology development on criminology
  40. Conduct intersectionality research on prejudices against Asian American women.  

🔗 References

This article was developed by the editorial team of Custom-Writing.org, a professional writing service with 3-hour delivery.
Comments (50)

Rashid Kamara
Rashid Kamara

Sup guys!
I need definitions about research defined by scholars and year of publication plz🙏

Aziz Khan
Aziz Khan

Very informative, as for social science student. 😍

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Custom Writing

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Nasrin Sultana
Nasrin Sultana

Thanks a lot dear!!
Many information gained

Custom Writing
Custom Writing

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Sadia korobi
Sadia korobi

Thanks it’s so much easier and helpful who are work first time in research proposal like me
It’s interesting but I can’t decided what topic I researching for my collage project or which topic is better 🙂 so I need a guide line or instructions for choosing a good topic

alphonce chaula
alphonce chaula

thank you for our explanation about research proposal but i want to know the aims or purpose of research proposal

Juma Mugaya
Juma Mugaya

This is informative and inspiring paper for me👏👏

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naboth naabo
naboth naabo

very good concept on research proposal. thank you

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Custom Writing

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BLESSMORE TEMAZ
BLESSMORE TEMAZ

useful data

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