What is academic writing? There is no definite answer to this question as long as it presents many various types of paper—essays, term papers, dissertation writings, reports…
Every kind is unique and has its own rules. This is one of the reasons why academic writing style is so challenging to stick to.
It was so before you’ve come across our guide! Custom Writing team has collected the best resources to help you perfectly understand academic writing features and functions. Check it out now.
This guide to academic English writing will help you find many valuable resources—some of which are favorites of professional writing services.
✍ Chapter I. Types of Academic Writing
When you are student, you’re expected to know the difference between term papers, reports, reviews, and so on.
But let us tell you a secret:
Most students think that all these papers are the same, just with different names.
However, there are some important differences. And they’re not as difficult as you might think.
With the help of this chapter, you will know everything about the basic types of academic writing. And, of course, it will be much easier to develop your essay structure or write your academic research paper after you check out these helpful materials.
- Essays are the most common academic assignment writing, and they include many kinds and structures. That’s why you need to learn which elements to use in each type:
- A research paper is based on thorough research of a particular topic. A good research paper should be carefully structured and include many specific sections such as methodology or discussion:
- Critical academic writing includes features like analysis, evaluation, and comparison. When writing a criticism, there are many approaches and strategies you can try:
- A term paper is a major assignment typical for colleges. Such paper writing’s goal is to determine a student’s new achievements in the subject. A term paper isn’t the easiest paper to write, so look through these guides before you start working:
- A book or movie review is another common piece of academic writing. When writing a paper of this type, make sure to give essential information about the chosen movie or book. Here are some useful guides with helpful tips and great samples:
- Book Review Guide | University of North Carolina
- Reading a Book to Review It | University of Wisconsin
- Collection of Book Reviews | The New York Times
- Book Review Samples | GoodReads.com
- Film Reviews and Criticism | 9 Tips for Writing a Film Review; New York Film Academy
- Movie Database | IMDB
- Collection of Movie Reviews | Shadow.com
- An annotated bibliography is a list of academic sources and is a frequent assignment in universities. Be extra careful when formatting—your paper could get a low grade if you choose the wrong citation style.
📑 Chapter II. Choosing a Topic
Whether you’re writing a thesis or a report, the first step is always the same—you must choose a topic.
In this chapter, you will find instructions on how to develop a specific and informative topic for your academic paper.
- Brainstorm ideas to find a perfect topic for your academic writing:
- How to Brainstorm When Writing an Essay | International Student
- 8 Brainstorming Strategies for Generating New Writing Ideas | The Web Writer Spotlight
- How to Use Mind Maps| Lifehacker
- How Brainstorming Questions| Co.Design
- Presentation: Brainstorming and Outlining | SlideShare
- Topic and Sentence Outline | University of California, Berkeley
🔎 Chapter III. Research
To develop an A+ college paper, it’s essential to know how to search for relevant information. To research your paper, choose one or several of the advantageous approaches we offer below.
Today, there are tons of resources for investigation and examination—articles, books, the internet. The goal of research is to learn as much as you can about your writing topic.
- Refer to lecture notes. Information that your professors give during class plays an essential role in your studies. Gathering this information thoroughly is definitely part of the academic writing process:
- Read articles. Many students don’t know how to learn writing skills in English. An excellent way for self-improvement is to examine articles. They are the main source of knowledge and a great example for writers:
- Use encyclopedias. Any formal piece of writing starts first with encyclopedias. This resource’s primary goal is to help you easily collect knowledge. That’s why you should begin any research project with their help.
- Citation Guide: How to Cite Encyclopedias | Dixie State University Library
- Browse the internet. Today, it’s impossible to imagine writing a paper for college without using internet sources. However, to get the most benefit from your internet research, you will need to learn some tips:
🎨 Chapter IV. Creativity
It’s a known fact that writers from academic writing services can motivate themselves to develop papers at any time. Creativity is not just random inspiration but rather a regular tool for professional writers.
Need help with academic writing due to writer’s block or a lack of ideas? Then this chapter was developed just for you! Know the most efficient strategies to become a more creative writer:
- Overcome writer’s block. It can happen to anyone—no matter what strategies for academic writing you use or how many ideas you create, you can’t seem to write a single line. Do you know what that means? You have writer’s block. And here is a collection of tips to help you overcome it:
- Minimize distractions in your workspace. Distractions are everywhere—your phone, TV, friends… Writing assignments with all these potential interruptions around will take forever. That’s why you need to know how to reduce them:
- Pace yourself. When you’re a student, you have to optimize your time to meet all your deadlines. Want to know how to write an essay in time? Use the tips and apps from these articles:
💠 Chapter V. Structure
Structure in academic writing is essential—it’s basically the framework of your entire essay. There are several types of structure, but the most popular is the five-paragraph structure. This format consists of an introduction, a three-paragraph body, and a conclusion.
In this chapter, you’ll learn how to develop a clear and effective structure and how to incorporate it correctly to get an A+.
- Outline. Remember to create a well-organized outline by making new paragraphs for every major idea in the text. The success of your college paper depends on how precise your framework is.
- Abstract. This is a brief description of your research paper, article, essay, or any other type of paper. The purpose of a summary is to inform readers about the main ideas of the paper.
How to Write an Abstract | University of California, Berkeley
- Body. Students often search for academic writing help to find strong evidence to prove their ideas. Here you can find information about paragraph building and types of arguments:
- Teaching and Understanding Paragraphs | Pattern Based Writing
- How to Write a Good Paragraph: A Step-by-Step Guide | Ashford University
- How to Put Evidence Into a Paper | Essay Tigers
- The 4 Types of Evidence | Writing Simplified
- Conclusion. The final paragraph is one of the most difficult parts of academic papers. It’s hard to write something when everything has already been said, right? Learn some strategies for writing a perfect conclusion:
- Bibliography. Many students ignore the importance of the bibliography—but it can definitely influence your college writing’s grade. Learn how to develop bibliographies according to popular academic writing formats:
🖊️ Chapter VI. Writing Style
Developed your structure already? Good work! Now it’s time to improve your writing style. You may be super-skilled in writing prose or poetry, but the language used in academic texts is very different from creative writing.
Read on, and you’ll learn all the important tips for developing your writing style.
- Make a draft.
- Avoid passive language. Sentences with passive voice aren’t wrong, but it’s always better to use active voice:
4 Ways to Remove Passive Voice from Your Paper | Hello Bar
- Use metaphors and similes correctly. When writing an academic essay, you can still make it pleasant to read by using interesting metaphors and similes:
Use Metaphors Correctly | The Balance
- Keep sentences short. No one likes to work hard to pay attention through three or four lines of a long sentence. Keep simplicity in writing—your readers will definitely appreciate it:
Sentence Length | AIMS Community College
- Write clearly. One of the features of academic writing style is clear and concise writing. You don’t want to misguide your readers or leave them confused, so use the following techniques to eliminate unnecessary words:
Improving Your Writing Style | University of Wisconsin
- Learn how to use abbreviations. There are specific rules that differ for each academic writing format. For example, here is a guide to formatting abbreviations in APA style:
Guide to Abbreviations and Acronyms | Academic Writing and Coaching
- Don’t overuse words. Want to know how to write a college paper that is pleasing to read? Try not to overuse words. Here are some examples of words to leave out of your writing:
- 12 Overused Words | The Huffington Post
- How to Avoid Overusing the Word ‘That’ in Your Writing | BKA Content
❌ Chapter VII. Grammar
Even if you know how to develop original ideas and organize the perfect structure, your grades will always depend on grammar. That’s why you have to be extremely careful with the rules.
We’re sure that we don’t need to explain the basics to you. That’s why we’ve prepared a list of academic writing tips that are useful for non-beginners as well.
Appropriate Pronoun Usage | OWL Purdue Online Writing Lab
- Double negatives
Double Negatives: 3 Rules You Must Know | Grammarly
- Parallel construction
How to Use Parallel Construction Correctly | Grammar Girl
- Word order
Word Order and Sentence Structure in English | Linguapress.com
- Prepositions at the end of sentences
It’s often challenging to know whether you should put a hyphen or a dash in a sentence. The same problem is true for commas and semicolons.
📝 Chapter VIII. Punctuation
When learning English writing skills, it’s very important to pay attention to punctuation. In fact, it’s the number one tool to make your sentences clear and informative.
- Commas | Connecticut State Colleges and Universities
- Semicolons | University of Wisconsin
- Hyphens and dashes | Education First
- Apostrophes | Grammar | Book
- Double Punctuation | The Subversive Copy Editor Blog
- Quotation Marks | Grammar Girl
❎ Chapter IX. Avoiding Plagiarism
When you’re writing academic papers, you may face issues with plagiarism. Usually, it isn’t difficult to collect new information, but avoiding plagiarism can be a challenging task.
Here are some tricks to make your paper 100% authentic:
- Paraphrasing | Academic Integrity at MIT
- Citing Sources | University of Tennessee Knoxville
- Citing Yourself | Walden University
- Referencing | Open University
- Reference Guides for Students | Custom-Writing.org
💻 Chapter X. Electronic Tools
Clearly there are many spheres for improvement when it comes to academic writing. But we have great news—you don’t have to do everything alone.
Check out this list of academic writing apps and tools. They will save you a ton of time. But always remember to check the results you get—whether it’s a grammar checker or citation generator, they do make mistakes from time to time.
- Grammar | Grammarly
- Readability | Hemingway Editor
- Plagiarism Free | Small SEO Tools
- Citation | Cite This for Me
- Citation | Citation Machine
- Thesis Creator | Kibin
- Infographic | Piktochart
- Mind-mapping | MindMup
- Outline | Checkvist
There’s no doubt: academic writing is one of the most difficult tasks you will ever face in student life. But by knowing the main principles, you’ll save time and get better grades.
If college paper writing still seems impossible to accomplish on your own—you can always ask for help from our academic writing service. Just spend a few minutes to order a paper, and in no time, you’ll be the owner of an outstanding essay, thesis, or review.