Should you buy a green or a red apple?
Before making a decision, people often compare their options. In a compare and contrast essay, you analyze the similarities and differences between certain things. This type of essay is common for high school students, middle-schoolers, and even elementary kids.
This article will help you choose a topic and write a great comparison essay. But first, bookmark our custom-writing services in case you need help with any paper!
✍️ Comparison Essay Writing Guide
The best way to start a comparison essay is to choose a topic. Once you know what you will be writing about, it is essential to follow the essay structure. Outlining will ensure that you are following a proper format.
A typical comparison essay includes the following components:
- Introduction paragraph
- Hook: grab the attention of the audience. It can be a quote, a story, a fact, or even a definition.
- Background information: in here, you give general knowledge about the topic.
- Thesis statement: it is the most crucial sentence since it presents your claim.
- Body paragraphs
- Supporting evidence: information that proves your claim.
- Conclusion Paragraph
- Restated thesis.
- Summary of body paragraphs.
- So-what statement: explain why your reader should care about your topic.
In colleges and universities, students often write comparative analysis essays. Unlike a simple comparison essay, an analysis requires a more in-depth research. A topic for an analysis paper usually involves two very different or very similar subjects. Comparing them may be challenging, but the end result is always worth it.
Make sure that you include background information for both subjects that you compare.
In the thesis statement, you should mention the characteristics that you are going to analyze. For example, when talking about apples, it can be price, taste, and benefits. You can include as many points of comparison as you want.
📝 How to Organize a Comparison Essay
There are two ways to organize the body paragraphs in a comparison essay: subject by subject and point by point. Take a look at some tips on how to properly follow either structure.
✅ Subject-by-subject Pattern
This type of organizing an essay is also called a block pattern. It means that you will discuss each subject separately. In other words, each subject will have its own body paragraph. Describe them according to the details or characteristics that you’ve listed in the thesis statement.
Here is how subject-by-subject body paragraphs should look like:
☑️ Point-by-point Pattern
Points are the characteristics that you compare. You enumerate them in the thesis statement. Point-by-point means that each point will have a separate paragraph. In other words, each paragraph will discuss how a point relates to both items.
Check out how point-by-point body paragraphs look:
When it comes to academic purposes, choosing a topic for a comparison paper can be challenging. Fortunately, our experts prepared a list of comparison essay topics for you.
🎨 Cultural Comparison Topics
Cross-cultural topics are very common for comparative essays. Simply put, these topics require you to compare and contrast two cultures. You may talk about the traditions, food, religions, and family values of different countries. Keep in mind that it is crucial not to be biased or discriminatory when analyzing perspectives.
- Latin American culture vs. European culture.
- Compare Christmas traditions in Australia and in Canada.
- Points of difference between Ancient Egyptians and Sumerians.
- Similarities between Brazilian food and Portuguese food.
- Compare birthday celebrations in Lithuania and Honduras.
- Differences between American and South African family values.
- Resemblances between Central American Mayans and Mexican Mayans.
- Compare traditional clothing in Ukraine and Argentina.
- Distinctions between American and Hungarian business culture.
- Finnish vs. Spanish educational culture.
- Gun control laws in the United States versus Canada.
- Compare Afghan and Russian hospitality.
- Marital traditions in Latin America and Eastern Europe.
- Driving culture in Germany vs. Britain.
- Religious practices: India vs. France.
- Compare Iraqi family meals with those in Belgium.
- Latin American vs. Australian music.
- Contrast Italian and Swedish customer service quality.
- Similarities and differences between Incas and Aztecs.
- Compare Babylonian gods with Roman ones.
- Australian and British ways of raising kids.
- Contrast Roman and Greek rulers.
- Romantic relationships: Monocultural and intercultural.
- Women in China vs. in the U.S.
- Compare Argentinian and Brazilian dances.
- Ways in which Canadian and American Thanksgivings are different.
- Contrast gender roles in Spain and South Korea.
- Female body expectations in Mexico vs. Greece.
- Discrimination towards foreigners in America vs. Japan.
- Differences between friendships in Vietnam and in Bolivia.
📜 History Comparison Topics
Take a look at historical comparison essay topics and choose two subjects to compare.It can be two events or famous historical figures.
The following topics are excellent when in-depth analysis is required. Keep in mind that they can be controversial since some of them are concerned with crucial issues.
- Compare the French Revolutionary War with the American Revolutionary War.
- Contrast the explorations of Columbus and Hernán Cortés.
- Differences between the industrial revolution in Europe and America .
- Ancient leaders: Alexander the Great and Julius Caesar.
- Compare the Spain colonization with British Imperialism.
- WWII dictatorships: Franco and Mussolini.
- Compare and contrast the consequences of WWI and WWII.
- Differences between the inventions of Thomas Edison and Nikola Tesla.
- U.S. presidents: Bill Clinton vs. Ronald Reagan.
- Industrial Revolution: Andrew Carnegie versus John Rockefeller.
- Similarities between slavery in the American South and North.
- Compare and contrast the Confederate states with the Union states.
- Fascism vs. totalitarianism during WWII.
- Points of difference between Ancient China and Ancient Greece.
- Non-violent activists: Martin Luther King and Gandhi.
- Differences and similarities between Trojans and Spartans.
- Presidential assassinations: J.F. Kennedy and Abraham Lincoln.
- Arms Race in America and in the Soviet Union.
- Empires: the Ottoman Turks vs. Persians.
- Consequences of the Korean War and the Vietnam War.
- Conquistadors: Portuguese vs. Spanish.
- British Imperialism in India and Africa.
- Points of difference between the Axis and the Allied Powers.
- Symbols of wealth in Ancient Greece and Rome.
- Similarities and differences between the NATO and the Warsaw Pact.
- Ancient Greek Philosophers: Socrates vs. Aristotle.
- Compare and contrast East and West Germany.
- Distinctions between the Bamboo Curtain and the Iron Curtain.
- Famous rivalry: Alexander Hamilton vs. Aaron Burr.
- Enlightenment Philosophers: John Locke and Jean-Jacques Rousseau.
🖼️ Comparison Essay Topics in Art
Comparative paper topics in art can explain real-life events and evoke emotions. In other words, comparing and contrasting artworks will help you understand their actual purposes.For topics in art, you can choose to compare movements, artworks, and artists.
- Distinctions and resemblances between the art of Michelangelo and Leonardo Da Vinci.
- Compare Picasso’s Rose and Blue Periods.
- Differences between the Baroque art style and Neoclassicism.
- Compare painting from real life and painting from a photo.
- Similarities between Goya’s and Rembrandt’s paintings.
- Colombian artists: Fernando Botero and Luis Alberto Acuña Tapado.
- Compare and contrast Frida Kahlo and Diego Rivera.
- Differences and similarities between Surrealism and Expressionism.
- Points of similarity between Egyptian and Aztec pottery.
- Ways in which Ancient Greek and Mayan jewelry are different.
- Italian Renaissance sculptors: Donatello vs. Michelangelo.
- Contrast the representation of life in Surrealism and Realism.
- Cubism: Salvador Dalí and Pablo Picasso.
- Painting outdoors vs. painting in a studio.
- Symbolism movement in France and Russia.
- Op Art Movement vs. Abstract Art Movement.
- Pointillism: Georges Seurat and Paul Signac.
- Similarities and differences between photography and filmmaking.
- Salvador Dalí’s paintings: Surrealism and Post-Impressionism.
- Compare and contrast Edvard Munch with Wassily Kandinsky.
- Goya’s The Second of May 1808 vs. Goya’s The Third of May 1808.
- The theme of religion in Raphael’s and Velázquez’s paintings.
- Compare and contrast oil paint and acrylics.
- Da Vinci’s Mona Lisa versus Botero’s Mona Lisa, Age Twelve.
- Joaquín Sorolla: Impressionism and Luminism periods.
- Van Gogh vs. Gustave Courbet.
- Compare and contrast Renaissance and Neoclassical painters.
- Romanticism: Caspar David Friedrich and Eugène Delacroix.
- Differences and similarities between Dada and Cubism movements.
- Ways in which traditional and digital painting are similar.
📚 Literature Comparison Topics
- The theme of love in A Midsummer Night’s Dream vs. Romeo and Juliet.
- Female representation in The House Bernarda Alba vs. A Doll’s House.
- Concept of reality: Life’s a Dream and Waiting for Godot.
- The theme of supernatural: The Tempest and Hamlet.
- Gothic genre: Frankenstein and Dracula.
- The idea of honesty in Tartuffe versus The Importance of Being Earnest.
- Contrast plays in the Romantic period with plays in the Realistic period.
- Southern Gothic poetry vs. Gothic poetry.
- Detective genre: Edgar Allan Poe and Sir Arthur Conan Doyle.
- Death in A Rose for Emily vs. A Good Man is Hard to Find.
- Compare An Occurrence at Owl Creek Bridge with The Lottery.
- Ancient Greek plays: Oedipus Rex and Medea.
- American writers: Ernest Hemingway vs. William Faulkner.
- Dystopian novels: The Giver and Divergent.
- Compare the theme of knowledge in Fahrenheit 451 and in 1984.
- Revenge: The Count of Monte Cristo and Great Expectations.
- From the Earth to the Moon vs. Journey to the Center of the Earth.
- War and children: The Kite Runner and A Long Way Gone.
- The theme of competition in Battle Royale vs. The Hunger Games.
- Representation of society and class: Matched and The Selection.
- Fantasy fiction: The Lord of the Rings and the Harry Potter series.
- The theme of bravery in The Hobbit vs. Beowulf.
- Compare and contrast Lord of the Flies with Animal Farm.
- Human relationships: Their Eyes Were Watching God vs. Brave New World.
- WW2 novels: Boy in the Striped Pajamas and The Book Thief.
- American 20th-century poets: Maya Angelou and Langston Hughes.
- Cervantes vs. Shakespeare.
- Epic poems: Epic of Gilgamesh and Odyssey.
- Latin American writers: Isabel Allende and Gabriel García Márquez.
- Literary movements: Naturalism vs. Modernism.
🍎 Comparison Topics: Everyday Things
By now, you should have some ideas in mind. However, what if you are taking the IELTS and the prompt is to compare everyday things? Comparison essay topics on this subject often focus on differences and similarities between daily choices such as drinking tea or juice.
- Owning a house vs. paying rent.
- Distinctions between working online and traditional jobs.
- Transportation: riding a bicycle vs. taking a bus.
- Contrast online and traditional classes.
- Buying food vs. bringing lunch from home.
- Compare the effects of a daily workout with a weekly workout.
- Taking class notes on paper versus on the computer.
- Resemblances and distinctions between TV shows and movies.
- Hanging out with friends vs. staying at home.
- Contrast studying with working while studying .
- Homework: working ahead vs. leaving it for the last minute.
- Taking a shower every day vs. in intervals.
- Compare following a daily routine with having no schedule.
- The difference between owning a company and working for someone.
- Contrast playing soccer with playing basketball.
- Taking drawing lessons vs. learning to draw by yourself.
- Compare playing in an orchestra with playing alone.
- Similarities and differences between ballet and jazz lessons.
- Compare waking up early with sleeping in.
- Following a vegan diet vs. eating meat every day.
- Contrast the effects of praying daily with not praying at all.
- Compare wearing makeup and wearing no makeup.
- Education: private schools and public schools.
- Interacting with family members online vs. face-to-face.
- Social media: limited usage and unlimited usage.
- Compare and contrast daily meditation with daily yoga.
- Cleaning the room every day versus weekly.
- Daily activities while dating vs. while being single.
- Intermittent fasting vs. eating whenever you are hungry.
- Free time: reading a book vs. volunteering.
🏰 Comparison Essay Topics about Locations
Now, what if you want to compare popular and interesting places?
When it comes to locations, you usually have two similar things to compare. For instance, you essay can be about two churches or national parks. Additionally, you can mention how cultural differences influence architecture.
- Waterfalls: Angel Falls and Iguazu Falls.
- Contrast the Denali National Park with Banff National Park.
- Archipelagos: Fernando de Noronha and The Azores.
- Compare the Atacama Desert with the Sahara Desert.
- Similarities and differences between Boracay and Faroe Islands.
- Points of difference between Aurlandsfjord with Milford Sound.
- Ways that Halong Bay and Disko Bay are different.
- Resemblances and distinctions between Lake Baikal and Lake Tekapo.
- Compare and contrast Victoria Falls with Niagara Falls.
- Similarities and differences between Mount Kilimanjaro and Mount Fuji.
- Ways in which Kalaupapa and Cliffs of Moher are different.
- Contrast Serengeti National Park with Torres del Paine National Park.
- Ways in which Socotra and Avenue of the Baobabs are similar.
- Compare Raja Ampat Islands with the Galápagos Islands.
- Points of similarity between Antelope Canyon and Grand Canyon.
- Ways in which the Pantheon and Acropolis of Athens are different.
- Similarities and differences between Hagia Sophia and the Taj Mahal.
- Contrast Burj Khalifa and the Leaning Tower of Pisa.
- Guggenheim Museum versus Niterói Contemporary Art Museum.
- Compare and contrast the Eiffel Tower with the Space Needle.
- Ways in which the Guggenheim and the Dancing House are similar.
- St. Basil’s Cathedral vs. Metropolitan Cathedral of Brasília.
- Points of difference between La Sagrada Familia and Dome of the Rock.
- Distinctions and resemblances between The Shard and The Gherkin.
- Compare the Sultan Ahmed Mosque with the Mosque of Córdoba.
- Points of difference between Musée d’Orsay and Musée du Louvre.
- Contrast Sydney Opera House and The Lotus Temple.
- New York: Chrysler Building and One World Trade Center.
- Ways in which Le Mont-Saint Michel and Bran Castle are different.
- Compare the Forbidden City and Angkor Wat.
👬🏼 Comparison Paper Topics: People and Characters
When it comes to people and characters, you can compare and contrast them in many aspects. For instance, analyze their personalities or their influence on the world. You can draw a comparison between people you admire or even between your favorite fictional characters!
- Fathers of experimental psychology: William James versus Wilhelm Wundt.
- Second inauguration speech: George W. Bush and Barack Obama.
- Compare the ideas of David Hume with Adam Smith’s.
- Similarities and differences between Steve Jobs and Bill Gates.
- Vladimir Lenin vs. Joseph Stalin.
- Points of difference between Mark Twain and William Blake.
- Emperors: Charlemagne and Napoleon I.
- Queen Victoria vs. Queen Elizabeth I.
- American Founding Fathers: Benjamin Franklin and Thomas Jefferson.
- Famous scientists: Albert Einstein and Marie Curie.
- Contrast the ideas of Karl Marx with those of Friedrich Engels.
- Differences and similarities between Prince Harry and Prince William.
- Famous humanitarians: Mother Teresa and Princess Diana.
- Resemblances and distinctions between William I and Henry VII.
- Popes: St. Gregory the Great and Innocent III.
- Similarities and differences between Katniss Everdeen and Beatrice Prior.
- Compare and contrast Boo Radley with Atticus Finch.
- Dumbledore vs. Gandalf.
- Similarities and differences between Guy Montag and Winston Smith.
- Bilbo Baggins vs. Frodo Baggins.
- Jim O’Connor vs. Tom Wingfield in The Glass Menagerie.
- Classic detectives: Sherlock Holmes and C. Auguste Dupin.
- Differences and similarities between Cher Horowitz and Emma Woodhouse.
- Contrast Sam Spade with The Continental Op.
- Nancy Drew vs. Tintin.
- Compare Jay Gatsby and Nick Carraway in The Great Gatsby.
- Similarities and differences between Catherine Earnshaw and Elizabeth Bennet.
- Contrast Bernard Marx with John the Savage in Brave New World.
- Points of difference between Captain Ahab and Moby Dick.
- Tom Sawyer vs. Huckleberry Finn.
🖥️ Technology Comparison Topics
Nowadays, technology helps us in many ways. For instance, it provides various means of communication. In essay on this subject matter, you can compare devices, areas of usage, and technology changes over time. These comparison paper topics can turn out to be controversial, exciting, or even funny. It all depends on the issues that you choose to research and write about.
- Compare owning a landline phone and a mobile phone.
- Similarities and differences between MacBook Pro and MacBook Air.
- Microsoft Word vs. Google Docs.
- Ways in which the Android system and the IOS system differ.
- Similarities and differences between online books and printed books.
- Compare technology usage in medicine with technology usage in business.
- Similarities and differences between mobile games and outdoor games.
- Points of difference between traditional mail and electronic mail.
- Watching movies online versus going to a public theater.
- Compare writing on a physical keyboard and a touchscreen keyboard.
- Exams: online and paper-based exams for college students.
- Internet censorship in China versus in the United States.
- Compare and contrast physical and digital pictures.
- Similarities and differences between gasoline vehicles and electric cars.
- Contrast the efficiency of an Amazon Echo Dot and Google Home.
- Apple devices: owning an iPod vs. having an iPad.
- Using robots in factories vs. hiring people.
- Compare the usage of solar and wind energy.
- Bluetooth vs. wired-connected devices.
- Contrast Huawei phones with Apple phones.
- Similarities and differences between a laser cutter and a 3D printer.
- Owning a computer vs. having a tablet.
- Compare texting with talking on the phone.
- Using a house security system versus having no security system.
- Similarities and differences between an air conditioner and a fan.
- Compare baking in the oven with reheating food in a microwave.
- Digital versus paper maps.
- Ways in which a Dell laptop and an HP laptop are different.
- Similarities and differences between Ethernet and WiFi.
- Compare smartphone with a digital camera.
We hope that our tips and topics will help you write your best comparison essay!