Children have always been apprentices and servants all over human history. However, the Industrial Revolution increased the use of child labor in the world. It became a global problem that is relevant even today when such employment is illegal.
The principal causes of child labor are as follows:
- Poverty, as kids have to work to support their families.
- Lack of access to education or its low quality.
- Culture, as some countries encourage kids to earn their pocket money.
- The growth of a low-paying informal economy.
The information you will find in this article can help you write a good child labor essay without any problems. Our professional writers gathered facts and tips that can help you. Nail your writing about child labor with our guidance.
📜 How to Write a Child Labor Essay
Let’s start with tips on writing a child labor essay. Its structure depends on the type of your assignment: argumentative, persuasive, for and against child labor essay.
There’s nothing new in the essay structure: introduction, body paragraphs, and conclusion. However, you should pay close attention to your thesis statement about child labor as the subject is quite delicate.
Below you’ll find the essential information on what to write in your assignment:
- The introduction may present the general meaning of the term “child labor.” In this part of your child labor essay, you may say that child labor means the work of children that aims at exploiting and harming them.
- The thesis statement should reveal your position on the issue. It’s the central idea of the paper. It may sound like “Not every kind of child labor is supposed to be exploitive.” Think about the phrasing of your child labor thesis statement.
- The main body aims to support your thesis with numerous examples and evidence. Each paragraph should present a specific argument. In general, these ideas serve to prove your child labor thesis. You have to exemplify them with real facts, so research beforehand.
The following topics can be disclosed in the body of your child labor essay:
- What are the reasons for the issue today? In this part of your essay, you have to present why child labor is widely-spread nowadays. Are there some positive factors for it?
- What jobs can be done by children? Give a list of possible careers, and present short descriptions of the duties children have to fulfill. Explain your job choice.
- How can we reduce child labor? Elaborate on why taking care of our young generation is crucial. What would you offer to reduce child labor?
- The conclusion of child labor essays should summarize everything that was said in the body. It should present the final idea that you have come up with while conducting your research. Make a point by approving or disapproving your thesis statement about child labor. Don’t repeat the central idea, but rather restate it and develop.
We hope that now you have some ideas on what to write about. Nevertheless, if you still need some help with writing, you can check the child labor essay example:
For more facts to use in your essay, see the following sections.
❓ Brief History of Child Labor
The involvement of child labor became increasingly popular during the Industrial revolution. The factories ensured the growth in the overall standard of living, a sharp drop in the mortality rate in cities, including children. It caused unprecedented population growth. And with the help of machines, even physically weak people could work.
Operating power-driven machines did not require high qualification, but the child’s small height often was a better option. They could be installed quite closely to save the factory space. Some children worked in coal mines, where adults couldn’t fit.
Thus, child labor has become an indispensable and integral part of the economy.
Even special children’s professions were formed. For example, there were scavengers and scribes in the cotton factories:
- Scavengers had to be small and fast. They crawled all day under the spinning looms, collected the fallen pieces of cotton, inhaled cotton dust, and dodged the working mechanisms.
- Scribes walked around the shop and sorted the threads that ran along with the machine. It was estimated that the child was passing about 24 miles during the working day.
Needless to say, that child labor conditions were far from perfect. The situation began to change in the early 1900s during social reform in the United States. The restricting child labor laws were passed as part of the progressive movement.
During the Great Depression, child labor issues raised again because of lacking open jobs to adults. The National Industrial Recovery Act codes significantly reduced child labor in America.
What about today?
Child labor today in wealthy countries accounts for 1% of the workforce. At the same time, according to the International Labor Organization (ILO), the highest ranges of working children are in Africa (32%), Asia (22%), and Latin America (17%).
🧒 Causes of Child Labor
Speaking about child labor, you should understand the factors that lead to children employment:
- Poverty. According to ILO, it is one of the significant causes of child labor. Children have to work to support their families. Sometimes up to 40% of a household income is the child’s salary.
- Lack of access to education. An absence of school or its distant location and low quality of education affect children around the globe. Unaffordable tuition in local schools drives children to harmful labor.
- Culture. In some developing countries, it is common for children and adolescents to help their parents in a family business. They earn their pocket money because people believe such work allows children to develop skills and build character. Other cultures value girls’ education less than boys, so girls are pushed to provide domestic services.
- The growth of a low-paying informal economy. This macroeconomic factor explains acceptability and demand for child labor.
⚖️ Child Labor Laws Today
Don’t forget to mention current labor laws and regulations in your child labor assignment. You can mention slavery and human trafficking linked to the issue even today. You may refer to international laws or analyze legislative acts in different countries.
For example, the Fair Labor Standards Act determines age restrictions, jobs allowed for teenagers, and necessary paperwork.
Other acts, programs, and initiatives you should mention are:
- Australia’s and UK’s Modern Slavery Acts
When writing about child laws against child labor, you may also explore the best and worst countries for children’s work conditions.
You may also mention child labor incidents:
- UNICEF’s report on using enslaved children in cocoa production.
- Child labor in Africa’s cobalt, copper, and gold mines.
- GAP, Zara, Primark, H&M’s products made with cotton, which may have been picked by children. You can also find extra information on companies that use child labor.
- Child labor in silk weaving factories.
How old were you when you got your first job? Was it hard? Share with us your experience and advice in the comments below! Send this page to those who might require help with their child labor essay.