The word “Harvard” may sound cool, especially in combination with “university” (and if you are a student of this university).
But the truth is:
For most students, the word is associated not with college, but with citation style.
And that’s not very cool.
Harvard referencing system may become a real trouble when it’s high time you wrote essay, research paper, or your course work for finals.
All those rules, commas, capitalizations… — they just make your desired A+ more and more unachievable.
It’s time to stop it.
We know that Harvard citation: 1) is not loved by students at all in many cases, but 2) crucial for your academic success.
That’s why we’ve designed our guide — a complete and super easy go-to guide with numerous examples of Harvard citations.
Let’s start with general rules.
When citing information sources in Harvard, you need to keep in mind such general rules:
- your paper should include a title page, outline, and reference list
- 1” margins are required around a page
- a running head is not needed
- two types of citation are to be included (in-text and reference list)
- all sources are to be mentioned in alphabetical order
- no indentation is required for the reference list
- minimalize capitalization
- minimalize the use of punctuation
- As a rule, two types of headings are used when formatting a paper in Harvard:
- Level 1 – centered, capitalized, not bold, not italicized.
- Level 2 – flush left, italicized, capitalized, not bold.
- the first paragraph or a couple of paragraphs are usually devoted to the introduction. However, a subtitle is not required.
- the last paragraph or a couple of paragraphs are to follow a subtitle [Conclusion].
- the use of transition words and phrases for linking paragraphs is encouraged.
Last Name, Initials Publication Date, Title of book, Publisher, City.
Example: Williams, C 2010, Management, Cengage Learning, Mason.
(Last Name Publication Date, page)
Example: (Williams 2010, p. 5)
Note: for any cases that are not outlined in the present guide, please follow the general format.