In our citation examples we use the following color coding:

  • Red – Author
  • Blue – Title of book/article/charter/webpage
  • Pink – Date
  • Orange – Website/Publisher
  • Turquoise – Place of publication
  • Green – Title of journal
  • Violet – Editor/Translator
  • Black – Volume/Issue
  • Sienna – Pages

Article from a scholarly journal (1 author)

List entry: Pettigrew, P. 2009. Secondary transfer effect to contact: do intergroup contact effects spread to non-contacted outgroups? Soc Psych. 40(2): 55-69.

In-text: (Pettigrew 2009)

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Article from a scholarly journal (2 to 10 authors)

List entry: Bernard SA, Gray TW, Buist MD, Jones BM, Silvester W, Gutteridge G, Smith K. 2002. Treatment of comatose survivors of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest with induced hypothermia. N Engl J Med. 346(8): 557-563.

In-text: (Bernard et al. 2002)

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Article from a scholarly journal (more than 10 authors)

List entry: Kim C, Yung K, Ahn R, Pak H, Choi R, Lee Y, Lee MK, Park SH, Ahn R, Fung R, et al. 2010. Burden of diabetes in the adult Chinese population: a systematic literature review and future projections. Int J Gen Med. 16(9): 347-389.

In-text: (Kim et al. 2010)

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Newspaper article (print version)

Do not abbreviate names of newspapers. If the location is not indicated in the newspaper’s title, it is required to mention it after the title. Instead of volume or issue number, include section info. Also, add column information, if available.

List entry: Princeton NJ. 2010 Jan 28. The fed’s best man. The New York Times. Sect. A:33.

In-text: (Princeton 2010)

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Magazine article (print version)

List entry: Meaburn KJ, Misteli T, Soutoglou E. 2007. Spatial genome organization in the formation of chromosomal translocations. Semin Cancer Biol. 17(1): 80-90.

In-text: (Meaburn et al. 2007)

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Handout materials

Mention as much information as possible including author’s (instructor’s) last name and initials, the year, and title of the material/handout was created. It is required to give the institution’s location and the name of the college/facility. (The information in the example below is fictional).

List entry: Smith J. 2017. Marketing manual. Cambridge (UK): Cambridge Marketing College.

In-text: (Smith 2017)

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Forthcoming journal article

List entry: Berkeley K. Forthcoming 2017. Diabetes and smoking: a randomized control trial. J Am Med.

In-text: (Berkeley 2017)

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Further study