🔥 Benefits of Our Reference Generator
- It is free. There are no hidden fees or paywalls, and you can use it as many times as you wish.
- It's easy to use. Our tool is intuitive, user-friendly, and straightforward.
- It saves you time and effort. The reference generation process is faster using our tool than creating references manually.
✅ How to Use Harvard Style Referencing Generator
To generate your references in several seconds, follow these simple steps:
- Select your source type from the list. You can choose a website, book, journal article, magazine or newspaper article, etc.
- Type in the information about the source. Provide the author's name, DOI number, and other relevant data.
- Type in other details if necessary. You can mention additional contributors, website title, date, etc.
- Click the Add button. You can generate several references this way.
- Get the results. Now, you can download an in-text citation or a reference.
You can also paste the link to your source, and our tool will reference it automatically. Just check the preview and edit it if needed.
🏫 Harvard Reference Style: Definition & History
The Harvard system is a way of citing references by author and year, usually in parentheses, in the text of scientific articles or essays.
In 1881, Edward Laurens Mark, a professor of anatomy at Harvard, wrote a groundbreaking paper on embryogenesis. It included an author-year citation in parenthesis with an explanatory footnote on page 194. This paper is considered the first usage of the Harvard system, which became very widely used, particularly in the field of education.
📖 Harvard Citation: In-Text & References
To use citations correctly, it is vital to understand the features of in-text citations and references. Remember that these two types must be used together in your paper and should be formatted accordingly.
Harvard In-Text Citation
In-text citations reference the author and date of the source directly in your text's body. Every time you quote or paraphrase something from a source, include an in-text citation that will direct your reader to the complete reference list.
The citation should be put inside brackets right after the quote. The formula is simple: who said this plus the year when it was said. You can also include page numbers in your citation to make it more precise.
If you’re referring to quoted authors directly in the text, then you don't have to put their names in the citation; a date will do.
Harvard Citation Style: Reference List
Full references are given in alphabetical order in a list at the end of your text and are not included in the overall word count. References must provide detailed information about the source you've cited in your writing.
The universal template of a complete reference looks like this:
Author’s surname, initials. (Year) Title of the source, City of publishing: Publisher, pages where the quote is located.
However, this template can vary depending on your source type. For example, referencing a website is different than referencing a book. Let's see how each source type should be quoted.
|📑 Journal Article||
|📰 Magazine or a Newspaper Article||
|✍️ Social Media||
💡 Harvard Style Reference Examples
Now, let's see what different sources look like as Harvard style references and citations. Remember that you'll need an in-text citation and a corresponding source in your reference list to cite a source in Harvard style properly.
In-text: (Marx and Engels, 1996)
Reference list: Marx, K. and Engels, F. (1996) Das Kapital: A critique of political economy, Washington D.C.: Eagle, pp. 180-182.
In-text: (Mitchell, 2021)
Reference list: Mitchell, M. (2021) Gone with the wind. Available at: https://www.globalgreyebooks.com/gone-with-the-wind-ebook.html (Accessed: 27 September 2022.)
In-text: (Wickham, 2014)
Reference list: Wickham, H. (2014). "Tidy Data," Journal of Statistical Software, 59(10). Available at: http://bebi103.caltech.edu.s3-website-us-east-1.amazonaws.com/2017/papers/wickham_2014.pdf (Accessed: 03 September 2022.)
In-text: (Lang, 2014)
Reference list: Lang, A-G. (2014). "A Data Aggregation Program for the Behavioral Sciences," Journal of Statistical Software, 59(3.) doi:10.18637/jss.v059.i03.
Magazine & Newspaper Article
Printed Magazine or Newspaper
In-text: (Ignatius, 2014)
Reference list: Ignatius, A. (2014) "The best-performing CEOs in the world," Harvard Business Review, September, pp 12-13.
In-text: (Ignatius, 2014)
Reference list: Ignatius, A. (2014) 'The best-performing CEOs in the world', Harvard Business Review, viewed 18th September 2022, Available at: https://hbr.org/2014/11/the-best-performing-ceos-in-the-world.
If There Is a Date
In-text: (History extra, 2020)
Reference list: History extra (2020) Your guide to the history of democracy. Available at: https://www.historyextra.com/period/ancient-greece/what-is-democracy-definition-history-facts-solon-peisistratos-ekklesia/ (Accessed: 12 September 2022.)
If There Is No Date Available
In-text: (Google, n.d.)
Reference list: Google (n.d.) Privacy and terms. Available at: https://policies.google.com/privacy?hl=en-UZ&fg=1 (Accessed: 12 September 2022.)
If There Is a Date
In-text: (Holt, 2023)
Reference list: Holt, S. (2023) “Easy Pancakes” Allrecipes, February 2023 [Blog]. Available at: https://www.allrecipes.com/recipe/45396/easy-pancakes/ (Accessed: February 01 2023).
If There Is No Date Available
In-text: (Christensent, n.d.)
Reference list: Christensent (n.d.) “Build a Fusion Reactor” Autodesk Instructables, January 2023 [Blog]. Available at: https://www.instructables.com/Build-A-Fusion-Reactor/ (Accessed: February 01 2023.)
A Facebook Post
In-text: (DSPCA, 2017)
Reference list: DSPCA [@DSPCA] (2017) We are opening up our dog Internship again offering a unique opportunity to gain experience in a fast paced shelter environment … [Facebook] 30 January. Available at: https://www.facebook.com/dspca (Accessed: 12 December 2020.)
And with that, we're concluding our article. Remember all the tips listed above, and feel free to use our Harvard reference generator. It doesn’t cost anything and can help your academic writing! We also recommend using our awesome summarizing tool for your essays.
❓ Harvard Reference Generator FAQs
To create a Harvard reference, you should include the author's name, and the publication date in parentheses, followed by the title of the work in italics, and then the publication information.
For in-text citations, include the author's last name and publication date in parentheses at the end of the sentence before the final punctuation.
Yes, you can. If you use Custom-Writing's citation generator, you may download the results as a Word document. It’s very convenient, as you can directly upload and download the text from Word to our Harvard generator and vice versa.
Yes, it's totally OK. There is no academic law preventing people from using a reference generator. It's a helpful tool that helps you organize your reference list faster and more accurately than by doing it manually.
We recommend using Custom-Writing's referencing generator. With its help, you can create reference lists in just a few moments. Of course, you can write them manually, but that will require a lot of time and attention. So, why not speed things up with our tool's assistance?