You must know that citation styles distinguish mostly in the placing, order, and syntax of information about references.
There are some conditions which go into determining the suitable citation style, including branch of science, academic expectations (publication papers might be subject to another standards than term papers), research intentions of an assignment, and the personal preference of your instructor.
Vancouver citation style is the referencing system used in most top-level medical journals.
There are specified Vancouver citation style guidelines on how to execute Vancouver referencing, however different journals have delicate different formats for their references.
In-text citation and punctuation in Vancouver referencing
When referencing in Vancouver, for in-text citations you should use superscript Arabic numerals e.g. 2; the superscript number links immediately to the reference list at the end of the work piece (when quoting academic research paper, authors should cite references and elude reliance on abstracts).
Referencing in Vancouver implies that reference numbers go after commas and full stops, before colons and semicolons. They should be placed in the order of appearance in text.
There is a common Vancouver citation style example: “The industry has also used the single market to warrant attacks on labels being introduced in Italy to justify pregnant women of the hazards of drinking.4 Therefore, national health ministries … requested the commission to prepare a comprehensive strategy to reduce alcohol related harm.5”
Citing specific pages in Vancouver Citation Style
Vancouver citation style guidelines say that to cite a specific page, a essay writer must indicate the page number in brackets after the reference number: …there is strong evidence of benefit in elderly patients, 12 (p11) … To cite more than one page, you need to indicate the page range: …in elderly patients, 12 (pp11–12)… Now you see Vancouver citation style sample with a mixture of consecutive and non-consecutive references: …there is strong evidence of benefit in elderly patients, 10 12-14…
Vancouver citation style for journal articles and websites
When referencing in Vancouver, the titles of journals should be abbreviated. Speaking on part and issue numbers, Vancouver citation style guidelines state that most journals save uninterrupted pagination throughout a volume – so part and issue numbers can be neglected (you can add part and issue numbers when required).
Referencing any web resource has the additional difficulty that it may be changed (moved, updated or deleted). Therefore, in addition to the standard reference information, Vancouver referencing needs also to comprise details of the web address (URL) and the date of your last website check.
When quoting the URL, you may escape the “http://” placing. But the last Vancouver citation sample http://news.bbc. co.uk/1/hi/health/7339850.stm shows that it’s better to preserve the “http://”.
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