A

The correct answer is C as he (President Reagan) believed that the wall’s removal would signal a new era of freedom.

Explanation:

On November 6, 1987, President Reagan challenged Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev to tear down the Berlin wall dividing Communist East Germany from the Federal Republic.

Back in 1961, Moscow supported East Germans in building a wall to prevent their citizens from leaving for the West, by which they separated families and caused a great deal of distress.

In his now famous “Tear Down This Wall” speech, President Reagan advocated freedom and peace and saw the demolition as an unmistakable sign and symbol of such. Prior to that, the relationship between Reagan and Gorbachev had been lukewarm at best. Amidst the Cold War, US President even went as far as proclaiming the USSR “the evil empire.”

Their almost annual meetings had amounted to nothing up until Reykjavik summit when both parties reached compromise and signed Intermediate-Range Nuclear Force Treaty. Gorbachev’s readiness to tear down the wall was not only a turning point in the US-Russia relationship but also a pivotal moment in the history of human rights.

President Reagan and Gorbachev.
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