John Muir states that the reason why do people cut down trees is that they the given process creates a vast open space for agricultural needs, such as cattle farmlands. However, due to his naturalist views, he is greatly displeased and opposes the deforestation.


John Muir deserves the right to be considered a pioneer in global bioethics. As a naturalist writer, he became famous for his travels in California, descriptions of the Sierra Nevada mountain system.

He viewed the answer for why do people cut down forests lies in the fact that the agriculture industry requires an open field for farming. The books he wrote inspired many readers, including American presidents and congressmen, to defend the wildlife of this land.

Thanks to his efforts, at the very end of the 19th century, the American authorities decided to preserve one of the natural wonders of the world as the National Park – the Yosemite Valley, and also created the sequoia national park, where the oldest cypress trees in the world grow.

In 1892, at the initiative of Muir, the Sierra Club was created – one of the most respected environmental organizations in America. Subsequently, the cutting down trees led to a severe deforestation, which directly impacted the local ecosystem.

Muir is just one of the most influential names of North American naturalist writers who have provided the sources of bioethical thought in the 19th and early 20th centuries.

Their writings, which influenced the lives of several generations of Americans, as well as the peoples of other countries, spoke about the importance of wildlife in human life, its educational impact on humans, and the need to learn how to communicate with the wild world of nature in the name of their own spiritual well-being, as well as the fact that for the same reason it is necessary to preserve its remaining islands for future generations.