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The Renaissance began in Italy in the fourteenth century. The main characteristics of this period are the revival of literature and art, many scientific discoveries, humanism, as well as the Reformation of the church.

Explanation:

One needs to delve deeper into the Renaissance history to answer the question “Where and how did the Renaissance start in Europe and spread?”. The beginning of this cultural era was the fourteenth century when art and science began to revive and develop, discarding the dogmas of the church.

People of art increasingly turned to ancient traditions to create new beautiful things imitating the geniuses of Ancient Greece and Rome. The Renaissance also brought the world a new view of the world, which made it possible to make the most important scientific discoveries and change the perception of human exclusively as servants of the church and God.

It is hard to understand what exactly caused the Renaissance. It could be the growing interaction between countries due to trade and the Crusade, new inventions, or the promotion of humanism.

However, it is more likely that the combination of these and other social factors was the reason for the heyday of the Age of Enlightenment. Although the Renaissance began in Italy, the same reasons explain how did the Renaissance start in England, Germany, and other European countries

There are several reasons why the Renaissance started in Italy. First, Italy of the fourteenth century consisted of city-states in which trade flourished, and there were all conditions to develop ideas and discoveries. For the same reason, scholars who fled from other countries because of their condemnation by the norms of the Middle Ages moved to Italy.

Besides, the church at that time was one of the most influential bodies, but in northern Italy, wealthy families owned the main power. Consequently, the combination of wealth and a free atmosphere compared to the rest of Europe gave impetus to the development of art forms other than medieval.

As a result, the Renaissance covered all over Europe and lasted until the mid-nineteenth century.  Society began to perceive human as the central figure in history, and wealthy families tried to distinguish themselves by the creation of something new and perfect. This approach to the perception of the world has opened up new opportunities for scientists, artists and writers.

The main features of this period became the great geographical discoveries, inventions, and changes in ideas about the universe, as well as the Reformation of the church, which separates religion from the state.

The Reformation became one of the decisive events of the Renaissance as the whole of Europe rise up in revolution. Martin Luther was the first who declared that the church is not a mediator between man and God.

This movement  led to the abolition of indulgences, and the decrease of the church’s influence on politics, because earlier it only profited and did things that were beneficial for itself under the pretext of God’s will.

Renaissance art is represented today by such famous personalities as Michelangelo, Da Vinci, Shakespeare and many others. The main scientific discoveries are the printing press, the development of medicine and space science, as well as the beginning of the era of geographical discoveries. Consequently, the Renaissance, which began in Italy, resumed and laid the foundation for the development of science and art after the stagnation of the Middle Ages.