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Independent executive agencies are the organizations that are responsible for the supervision and the administration of specific purposes. Congress establishes those organizations to assist in different areas of the authority of the federal government and supervising complex aspects, unlike the government corporations that are owned by the government. The primary function of these organizations is to create regulations to enforce the laws passed by Congress.

Explanation:

Those establishments hold independence from the executive offices and do not belong to any of the federal departments. The requirement for those commissions is that its members should have bipartisan views. Besides, the Congress members do not have legal rights to be on board of those agencies. In comparison to the executive departments, the president does not possess the right to remove the heads of the independent agencies unless there is a serious ethical violation.

Congress establishes those agencies to assist in different areas of the authority of the federal government and supervising complex aspects, unlike the government corporations that are owned by the government. The primary function of these organizations is to create regulations to enforce the laws passed by Congress. For example, the Environmental Protection Agency issued the Clean Air Act that aims to increase public welfare and regulate the emissions into the environment.

Another independent executive agency is the Central Intelligence Agency, the purpose of which is to gather relevant information concerning national security and which possesses the rulemaking power in this area.

The majority of independent executive organizations have the power to impose civil penalties or fines, set the boundaries for the activities that violate federal regulations, and carry out investigations if there is a need. For instance, the FTC can prohibit various marketing campaigns of the companies. As far as such federal agencies have a specific level of autonomy, it makes them more efficient in responding to the complicated cases. The rules and restrictions, which independent agencies adopt, have the power of law and should always comply with the guidelines of the Administrative Procedure Act.

Purpose of independent executive agencies
Source: https://fee.org