A

1) According to Joseph Stalin, the Five-year Plan was to achieve several goals. In particular, it was necessary to transform the Soviet Union into an industrial country. Furthermore, the industrialization had to strengthen the military capacity of the state. Overall, the government was indeed able to increase the industrial output of the country; so, some of the objectives were achieved; however, the new plants and factories were not always very efficient.

2) Stalin admitted that the state had to rely on coercion and violence to implement the Five-year Plan. Moreover, he acknowledged that it had been necessary to make sacrifices to start the industrialization of the country.

3) The industrialization in Western Europe involved private capital that did not belong to the state. In turn, the Soviet government wanted to make sure that the state could completely control the new plants and factories. Thus, the role of private companies was reduced to the minimum.