The National War Labor Board (NWLB) was an American federal agency established during World War I under the presidency of Woodrow Wilson. After the war, the board ceased its operations and was reestablished by President Franklin Roosevelt only in 1942, during World War II. The National War Labor Board was created to regulate labor conflicts and disputes among employees and employers.


The organization was established in the capital of the USA, Washington, DC. The National War Labour Board propaganda aimed to support ideas about an eight-hour working day and the right of women to have equal compensation for work. In addition, the NWLB encouraged the implementation of other social privileges for employees, such as the opportunity of workers to organize social clubs or working unions. During World War II, the National War Labour Board’s purpose was the same as during World War I.

As a result of its performance, the organization managed to rule more than 1200 cases for the period from 1918 to 1919. Out of these cases, 591 were dismissed, 315 were referred to other federal labor agencies, and 520 resulted in formal awards or findings. The results of the work of the NWLB, which was established by Roosevelt, were more substantial as the organization was working for several years.

It is also significant that for the period from 1942 until 1945, the NWLB was successfully dealing with labor issues that were faced by the black population and occurred as a result of racial discrimination. In general, the existence of the NWLB has brought many advantages for employed individuals, as it contributed to the strengthening of teamwork and protection of the rights of working people.

The propaganda of these ideas was introduced by the posters and pictures that were distributed among human beings. Picture 1 can serve as a good example of posters that were used by the NWLB.

The NWLB Poster
Picture 1. The NWLB Poster (1942-1945).