The Hammurabi definition is that it was the name of one of the monarchs who governed Babylonia in the 18th century BC. During his reign, King Hammurabi united Babylon and neighboring cities into a single state and expanded the borders of the newly formed empire to the entire region of Mesopotamia. He also went down in world history as one of the first lawmakers.


Hammurabi became king of Babylon at the end of the 15th century BC and ruled for 58 years which is unusually long period for that time. His reign in terms of domestic politics is characterized by the centralization of power, strengthening the defense capability of the cities, bettering the social component, the system of resource distribution, and infrastructure.

Hammurabi also pursued an active foreign policy, concluding union agreements with neighboring settlements and waging wars with regional trading centers and kingdoms. The most famous and main opponents of Babylon at that time were Larsa, Ashur, and Mari. It is worth noting that, unlike the first two, Mari became the only city that Hammurabi wholly destroyed.

He completely captured and took over the control of Mesopotamian region by the middle of the 18th century BC. However, immediately after the death of King Hammurabi in 1750 BCE, the Babylonian empire began to fall apart due to the separation of most of the conquered cities and the military invasion of neighboring states.

The most important achievement of Hammurabi can be considered a set of social rules compiled by him. A suitable word to define Hammurabi’s law code would be a constitution prototype. According to the remaining personal notes, Hammurabi was sincerely worried about the well-being of his subjects and citizens and created this document to improve public welfare.