The National Grange was formed as the fraternal community organization whose main function implies uniting families in the United States to improve the economic and political welfare with its origins in agriculture. The organization was founded in 1867 as a national organization with the local orientation.


The organization was officially named as The National Grange of the Order of Patrons of Husbandry. It was established by seven ardent supporters of the vital role of viable agriculture and a strong family bond, which were identified as the key elements of the Grange.

It is important to note that the National Grange was the first organization to provide equal rights for men and women, together with the full and impartial acceptance of women. Moreover, it was meant to grow into a vital force in the maintenance and dissemination of American democracy.

The history of the Grange emblem has roots in its formation and involves a seven-sided symbol that embodies the seven degrees of the Grange and its founders as well. The Order of the Patrons of Husbandry was founded by Oliver H. Kelly, William Saunders, Aaron B. Grosh, John Trimble, John R. Thompson, Francis McDowell, and William M. Ireland; they were supported by Caroline Hall.

She was further named and honored as the eighth founder of the National Grange. Among other symbols, the “P of H” part signifies the patrons of husbandry. The Grange name itself represents the name of old English farm estates, where each was a complete community. Finally, the wheat sheaves symbolize the concern for the agricultural industry.

Considering that the National Grange was formed initially as the unit of farming families, it is now supporting both rural and urban members. However, the organization still preserves its determined agricultural focus.

As stated by the National Grange, its core function implies strengthening individuals, families, and communities through grassroots action, service, education, advocacy, and agriculture knowledge.

Furthermore, it aims at evolving the potential of families, youth, and adults, regardless of age, by the use of effective programs and expertise that will educate, interact and improve its members’ lives. With that said, the National Grange was organized to pursue advancing the quality of life in agricultural areas and across the United States.

As such, the basic strategy of the unit involves building a program of fellowship, service, and member activities in terms of fraternalism that engages its members through meetings and events. The organization unites the members of diverse ethnic groups, as well as different religious confessions. Therefore, the National Grange movement is based upon a shared mission to improve their communities and states, as well as the nation in general, due to productive and independent political action.

The goal of the National Grange is to function as a greater unity within the variety of American communities. Thus, the success of the particular and overall nation depends upon the power that every person obtains once involved in the common work united by shared goals. Its performance is conducted through enabled leadership, financial stability, and organizational skills.

In addition, the organization can make a difference in the lives of its members. Most importantly, the National Grange played a leading role in the US history by providing avenues for rural access from rural postage to electricity and endorsing the social reform, namely with the focus on female suffrage. Furthermore, the organization significantly assisted the ones with developmental hearing disabilities through financial support and information campaigns.