The Constitution delegates to the government only those rights that citizens are willing to give it. Formal constitutional amendments aimed at improving social policy, people’s living standards, the quality of medicine and education can significantly change the lives of citizens.


The USA became the first example of a modern federal state. Initially, it was the state authorities that had a decisive influence on the life of an ordinary American, who felt himself primarily a resident of his state, and only in the second as a US citizen. Then the situation changed, but now the rules have extensive powers, especially in matters of land use, education, and the police.

Their rights are protected not only by the Constitution but also by the opinion of the public, which, despite the increased migration of the population, remains attached to its states. Government intentions for changes in legislation are also met by opposition from Congress, consisting of members closely related to local interests. The purpose of this issue is to reveal the formal amendments in the Constitution that can dramatically change people’s life.

The first generations of Americans devoted their lives to the struggle for individual freedom and the restriction of state powers warning that vigilance would be required to preserve this freedom for future generations. The Constitution began to accept the outlines with the accession of amendments containing rights and freedom of citizens.

Four of them in pure form regulate issues of current electoral law (XV, XIX, XXIV, and XXVI). The rights and freedoms are mainly entailed in the first ten amendments, called the “Bill of Rights” and adopted by the first Congress in 1789. For the first time, the changes to the bill were introduced just four years after the adoption.

The most controversial amendment in the history of the U.S. Constitution concerned the right to bear arms. There is still debate about the complete prohibition or partial right enshrined in this bill.

The Bill of Rights enshrines freedom of religion, speech, press, the right to petition the government, the right to keep and bear arms, the inviolability of the home, and personality.  The issues mentioned above relate only to political and personal reasons. There are no socio-economic rights and freedoms among them, which are actually limited by the provisions of Amendment V.

It states that private property should not be selected for public use without fair remuneration. No one should be deprived of property without a fair trial. The introduction of alterations to Amendment 5, which will result in vague wording, can fundamentally affect the right to own property in the population.

Many states striving to increase the effectiveness of their administration are gradually moving toward the federal model of power organization. There is an enlargement of departments, the inclusion of small departments. Their heads are appointed by the governor with the consent of the local Senate, which significantly increases the status of the executive branch head.

However, the root cause of the problems is that the civil service was created in a different era, for a situation that no longer exists. The modern age requires increasing the independence of public servants and reducing the number of acts regulating their activities. Besides, it is essential to decentralize the functions of government, transferring additional features to states and local authorities. The main task of public services is to satisfy the interests of citizens.