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The Senate of the USA has three general exclusive powers: passing sentences during impeachment trials and voting for or against the removal of an official, confirming presidential appointees, and approving treaties.

Explanation:

The Senate is the U. S. Congress’ upper chamber in the legislative branch, which is more powerful than the House of Representatives, belonging to the lower chamber. Two senators represent each state of America, all in all, gathering 100 members in the Senate. Except for its exclusive membership, the Senate also has special powers in the Constitution. There are not only joint powers of the Congress’ houses but also the Senate’s sole powers.

In contrast to the House of Representatives, that can offer a candidate, such as a current president or another official, for impeachment, the Senate’s sole power is to hold this impeachment. The Senate represents the sole jury and can remove a candidate from office with a majority of two-thirds. In other words, if the House of Representatives is a prosecutor, the Senate plays the role of both judge and jury.

Although the President of the U. S. negotiates treaties, it is an exclusive power of the Senate to approve them. As a result of a two-thirds vote, a treaty under consideration can be either ratified, amended, changed, or, more rarely, rejected. By these means, the Senate restricts the President’s powers concerning foreign policy.

The sole Senate power is also to confirm all the appointees of the President, such as secretaries, judges, officers, ambassadors, and other officials. Additionally, when no candidate for vice president is chosen by a majority of voices, it becomes the Senate’s duty to select one of the two participating candidates who have the biggest amount of votes.