What are the major events in the Battle of Thames?
The Battle of Thames occurred in Ontario, Canada, on the Thames River, and ended in victory for the United States. The battle was a significant event due to the death of the American Indian leader Tecumseh, which resulted in the termination of Tecumseh’s Confederacy. Additionally, British forces were defeated and forced to surrender.
The Battle of Thames, also called the Battle of Moraviantown, was a historical event that occurred during the War of 1812. The War of 1812 was an armed conflict between the United States and Great Britain that lasted until 1815.
Even though both sides signed the Treaty of Ghent to end the war, the last battle occurred when a British general, who was unaware of the truce, attacked New Orleans. The war of 1812 had significant consequences on the future of North America, since the withdrawal of British troops led the United States to expand its territory.
The Battle of Thames took place near Ontario, Canada. During the conflict, Major General Henry Procter, who was in charge of British and Canadian forces west of Burlington, was forced to retreat up the Thames River.
The Shawnee War Chief Tecumseh was in charge of the American Indian warriors. Chief Tecumseh worried that the British might betray the trust of the First Nations by not fighting in the battle against the U.S. forces. Ultimately, Major General Proctor was able to convince the American Indian forces to follow him, and the retreat began on September, 27th 1813.
The American troops were commanded by General William Henry Harrison, who was the Governor of the Indiana Territory at the time, and who later became the President of the United States. He led an army of 3,500 American troops against a force of 800 British Soldiers and 500 American Indian soldiers. His army was stationed in Amherstburg, near Lake Erie.
Major General Proctor failed to destroy the U.S. access points because of his underdeveloped battle tactics. General Harrison’s strategy was more efficient.
He concentrated his soldiers in a center column, with Kentucky mounted riflemen charging from the woods. Because of this method of attack, the British were forced to scatter and were quickly defeated. Many British troops were captured and killed, along with the American Indian leader Tecumseh, and the U.S. troops won the battle.
The American Indians fought until War Chief Tecumseh died on the battlefield. Tecumseh’s killer is unknown, but is suspected to be Richard Mentor Johnson or Private William Whitley.
Tecumseh had formed a Confederacy of First Nations to try to prevent American Indian lands from being seized. Tecumseh’s death ended the Confederacy, and allowed General Harrison to reach truces with the tribes, which ultimately helped him win the presidency. Also, the victory enabled the United States to take control over the Northwest territories.
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Custom-Writing.org. "What are the major events in the Battle of Thames?" April 8, 2020. https://custom-writing.org/qna/what-are-the-major-events-in-the-battle-of-thames/.
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