C. It was experiencing steady growth from wartime production.


The United States benefited from World War II considerably. The country was removed from the center of the fighting and only entered the fray after the Pearl Harbor bombing in December 1941.

Due to its relative freedom from invasions and bombings, the U.S. could concentrate on production, and they did so. Policies, such as the Lend-Lease Act, provided armament manufacturers with lucrative contracts, incentivizing production, and stimulating the economy.

A WWII Caricature Depicting The U.S. Military Aid.
A WWII Caricature Depicting The U.S. Military Aid (Source: http://ww2cartoons.org)

After the end of World War II , the U.S. remained economically stable and provided other countries with loans and aid. The returns on these investments, along with the reparations obtained from Germany, set the stage for considerable growth.

Question 2.


B. labor and business.


The transition from peacetime to wartime production was a challenging task that demanded the participation of a specialized arm of the government. This agency was known as the War Production Board (WPB).

War Production Board Logo.
War Production Board Logo (Source: http://1.bp.blogspot.com)

It oversaw the production of war materiel, set the goals, and distributed the products. Labor and business were the forces that did its bidding, as production was mostly an internal matter that did not involve foreign governments or the President and Congress.