The first element in the determination of whether property is abandoned for Fourth Amendment purposes is the surrender of privacy such as abandonment of vehicles in an attempt to avoid apprehension or denial of car ownership by a person present. The second element is a person’s nature of tenancy that may be an indication of a person’s intention to end the contractual agreement with the property owner. The expiry of one’s agreement may signal that the incumbent of the residence may have no intention of returning and therefore is sufficient to create abandonment.