The first lesson from the case study of Nestle Company is that; divesting in the activities of a company is healthy because it improves profitability. As such, an organization can invest in profitable organizations only. The company closes or sells business units, which are not profitable. This helps reduce the cost of working on unprofitable businesses. The second lesson learned is that change is necessary in an organization because it helps achieve the goals of an organization. In case, an organization perceives that the goals of the organization are not being achieved effectively change becomes inevitable. However, change should be introduced in an organization where problems are being experienced. It is also crucial for the top management to make consultations with all stakeholders before introducing any change in an organization. This helps improve the performance of the organization because the changes made are readily acceptable when a participatory process is used.

The last lesson learned from the case study is that incremental change is beneficial because it helps all stakeholders to adapt to the new structures and systems in an organization. Making abrupt changes in an organization is not wise because it interrupts the work of the employees. This also affects the culture of an organization because the stakeholders are not given time to learn the changes introduced.