The basic principles of the Constitution are the statements that formed its basis and ensure the rights and freedom of citizens. The seven principles of the US Constitution are checks and balances, federalism, individual rights, limited government, popular sovereignty, republicanism, and separation of powers.


Each of the seven principles of the Constitution has its own meaning and are the rules that ensure the functioning of the state and the democratic rights of its citizens. Popular Sovereignty means that people create a government that serves their interests. The principle of limited government is closely related to this rule and says that a government can only make decisions that the population allows. These principles limit the possibility of power usurpation.

Federalism means that the US consists of 50 administrative units (states) that are united by the national government, but at the same time have their own power. Thus, states can adopt local laws if they do not interfere with federal legislation. Republicanism is expressed in the fact that the population elects representatives who realize and protect their interests; that is, this principle describes a form of government.

The principle of separation of powers means that power in a state is divided into three branches: Legislative, Executive, and Judicial. Checks and balances statement says these three branches of government control each other by approving or repealing laws.

The principle of individual rights provides citizens with freedoms that allow them to express their will and desires. For example, people have the right to freedom of speech, religion, and cultural expression.

Consequently, these fundamental principles ensure an equitable distribution of the rights and duties of the population and ensure their democratic freedoms.