An Institutional Review Board (IRB) approves the quality of a research process, and the risk of harm in social and behavioral sciences generally fall in three categories that are determined by specific regulations and credible and fair data.


Informed consent is a critical element of any research process in terms of which a certain group of people gains official permission to cooperate and investigate another group of people. Federal regulations are used to coordinate people and define their responsibilities in scientific society and local communities.

There are many different human subjects that may be involved in a research process, and each of them has its clear definition and explanation. For example, according to federal regulations, “children” are defined as people who have not achieved their legal age of consent at the moment of the research performance. Therefore, it is critically important to provide their parents or other official caregivers about the study and children’s participation in it.

As part of the informed consent process, the federal regulations require a researcher to focus on human subjects only. In some quizzes or discussions, researchers may be confused by the presence of such options like a list of members, decision-making processes, or penalties. The role of an institutional review board cannot be ignored. Therefore, one should thoroughly understand that federal regulations require that IRB membership include some kind of sensitivity to all community attitudes. In this case, much attention is paid to human relationships, professional skills, and research qualities when people work to contribute to their own life being, as well as their scientific future.