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These are a subgroup of the San peoples of Southern Africa who reside in the area crossing the borders of three countries. These are Namibia, Botswana and Angola. Their beliefs are more embedded in the spiritual world. They have beliefs in a lesser god and the spirits of the dead.

Among the Ju/Hoasni people the age rule is used to guide the family members and is used to set the dos and don’ts of the family. The eldest member of the family uses his wisdom to set out a framework of rules. The dominant mode of production among the Ju/Hoansi is hunting animals and gathering edible roots and tubers and also bird’s eggs. Although gender and age are used to determine occupational specialization, the general criterion is that the women would mainly be charged with gathering and foraging duties that would supplement the hunting activities of the men. Among the Ju/Hoansi the sexes were treated with just about equivalent valuation as the women went away for days at a time to forage and go about their gathering duties as the men went hunting for equally long periods. This society is based on complete compliance to apportioning everything they would acquire as is the case with the majority of foraging tribes. The concept of private property is non-existent among them. Being foragers, the Ju/Hoansi need for goods is next to nil.

The Ju/Hoansi people live in clusters of families. Their dominant family structure is the extended family. They live neologically. The Ju/Hoansi live in makeshift traditional shelters clustered tightly together for security purposes mainly from wild animals. These structures may be affixed to a couple of little trees or scrub for propping up. This is mainly due to their nomadic lifestyle. The Ju/Hoansi people are peace-loving and rarely have conflicts if any at all. In cases of conflicts of any sort arising, the elder members act as arbitrators and assist the disagreeing parties to find a solution.