The main significance of Middle Colonies geography and climate, which were a subgroup of 13 colonies of British America, was the fact that these lands were rich in soil. This made the given location a major wheat and grain exporter. In addition, Middle Colonies features were manifested in the fact that they had access to the open Atlantic Ocean and dense forests, which made them ideal for shipbuilding industries.


The modern states of New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware became English colonies by the end of the 17th century. From the very beginning, they were settled by immigrants from different countries of Europe, since Dutch colonies New Netherlands already existed in a significant part of this region, and colonists were recruited to colonize the territories of Pennsylvania and Delaware not only in Great Britain, but also in continental Europe. Especially many settlers arrived here from Germany. The largest centers of the Middle Colonies were New York and Philadelphia. By the end of the colonial period, about 30 thousand people lived in the region.

The geographical advantage of the Middle Colonies was manifested in the fact that there was a single fertile plain different from the better colonies of New England, composed of a single rocky ground. Due to the massive export of grains of that single fertilizer, the colonies were known as a major bread exporter among the North American Colonies. Pennsylvania first came to export wheat and other grains, and became the leader in the production in the colonies, and later in the United States. Long and gentle rivers such as the Susquehanna River, the Delaware River, and the Hudson River blasted diversified activities. The wild-skinned hunters moved through those rivers, and there was enough current for them to set up mills.