It is widely known that human beings descended from apes and anthropology is devoted to the investigation of this question. However, it is not as simple as it seemed at the first gaze. The linear view of our ancestors turned out to be not so clear and understandable. With the help of the latest tools anthropologists are replacing the “ascent of man” with a captivating new image of a “human family”. This process started because of the discovery of some new fossils which show the false character of previous belief