Presidential democracy is a way of distributing power, or a form of government, in which the executive and legislative branches of government have separate authorities and are elected separately. This form of government balances the political system and prevent usurpation of power.


The main features of the presidential system of government are separate elections for bodies of different branches and their independent powers. In this case, different types of elections are held in the country, at which citizens separately choose the head of the executive branch, a president or prime minister, and members of parliament.

Both branches of government have separate authorities that ensure the fair distribution of democracy. For example, the United States is one of the presidential democracy countries, and the US president can veto decisions of parliament, but parliament can cancel them. In addition, the Senate may refuse to ratify international treaties signed by the head of state.

Like any form of government, presidential democracy has pros and cons. The main advantage is the balance between the branches of government and the bodies that represent them, since this prevents the adoption of controversial laws and usurpation of power. Besides, the branches have more freedom to make decisions than in parliamentary democracy, although they can be challenged and cancelled by representatives of another branch.

The disadvantage is that such a system can cause increased debate between the president and parliament and even hostility. Also, the head of the executive branch can be dismissed from the position only in case of severe violations, and this procedure takes a long time.
Examples of countries with a presidential democracy system are Argentina, Chile, Indonesia, the USA, the Philippines, and others.