It may sound strange, but few students fully get the meaning and the significance of a research proposal. Actually, if you have a good research proposal, it means that you are going to carry out a good research. A bad and low-quality research proposal may be the reason your research will never start.
The main purpose of a research proposal is to convince the reader of the value of your project and your competence. You will have to prove that you have a plan for your work and that your project will be successful. Your reader has to be sure that it is not another useless piece of writing, but a profound work of research that will be extremely important for science.
We do not want to say that making a research proposal is easy. Most students face numerous problems with it. That is why the thing that will really help you is a research proposal sample.
So, how can you benefit from a research proposal sample?
- See the overall structure.
A research proposal sample will show you the parts that should be included. What’s more, you will understand how each part must be organized and what information is necessary. Proper organization is necessary, and you can study it in this research proposal sample.
- Examine the most important parts.
There are several parts in every research proposal that are of great significance. These are the literature review and Pay special attention to these parts when you are studying the research proposal sample you found.
- Avoid some common mistakes.
A research proposal sample is the best way to find out the most common mistakes that are made in research proposals. Among these mistakes are not focusing on the main problem of the research, being unable to provide necessary arguments to support the project, not following the requirements of a particular format, and many others. No one wants to make these kinds of mistakes. That is why you should study the research proposal samples you found attentively.
We can enumerate many other advantages of a research proposal sample, but we do not think it is really necessary. If you have any difficulties with your research proposal, you have nothing to do but resort to the help of a research proposal sample.
How to write a research proposal
There is no fixed formula for writing an academic research proposal.
First, you should consult with your advisor on your research proposal length, layout, format, table of contents, and number of pages. Keep in mind that good construction and legibility of your research proposal is to your advantage.
The most important thing in writing a good academic research proposal is to outline the reasons you propose to do the research and what processes and procedures you will follow to complete the project.
Here are 10 important steps in writing a good academic research proposal:
- Determine a general topic.
The first step in writing a convincing academic research proposal is to identify a general study topic or subject area to investigate. Usually, this is the easiest step because your research proposal will be tied to the general theme of the course.
- Perform a literature review on the topic.
You should read as much literature on the general topic as possible. Make notes and summarize the purpose and findings of each study relevant to the topic of the eventual research proposal.
- Identify a gap in the literature.
The purpose of conducting a literature review is to find out what studies have already been done on the subject of your research proposal and then to identify any obvious gaps in the literature. Completing an in-depth literature review will open up new opportunities for you to add to the existing body of knowledge within the general subject area.
- Identify a problem and frame a purpose statement.
Identify a problem related to the gap in the literature and frame a purpose statement. You should explain why you are investigating this topic, what you propose to do, and why others should be interested in your research.
- Write an introduction.
The introduction to the proposal should include:
- A problem statement
- A brief summary of the literature
- A concise description of the gap in the literature
- A purpose statement
- Determine research hypotheses and/or research questions.
Next, you should craft carefully defined research hypotheses and/or research questions for your study. Research hypotheses determine what you are going to investigate and what you expect to find in your research study.
- Determine the method of investigation.
The methods section is a very important part of the research proposal. In your methods section, you should outline the procedures you will follow to complete the study you propose.
The methods section generally includes:
- An explanation of the research design
- Sample size and characteristics of the proposed sample
- Data collection and analysis procedures
- Determine the research design.
Outline the research design of your academic research proposal. You should describe two or three possible alternatives for each part of the design.
- Determine the sample size and the characteristics of the sample.
In this section of your academic paper, you will describe the sample size of your study and the characteristics of the participants in the sample.
- Determine the data collection and analysis procedures.
In this section, describe how you are going to collect your data. Explain the scheme of analyzing the collected data and reporting the results.
Parts of the Research Proposal
Academic research proposals generally follow a similar research proposal format, but there are some variations. The following outline includes the primary components of a research proposal. Your research proposal will be a variation of the following basic structure.
- Title Page
- Table of Contents
- Introduction (including Statement of Problem, Purpose of Research, and Significance of Research)
- Background (including Literature Survey)
- Description of Proposed Research (including Methods or Approach)
- Description of Relevant Institutional Resources
- List of References
Make sure your research proposal structure suits the needs of your study.
Do your best to produce a professional looking proposal. Try to be interesting and informative, concise and precise.
Some people think that any literate person can write a good academic research proposal. But unfortunately, this is not true. Academic writing is a difficult skill to master. It requires a lot of practice and some dedication. A research paper is not the most difficult academic assignment, but it does take a lot of time!
A good research proposal sample will allow you to view the overall structure and the most important parts of an academic research proposal and help you avoid the most common mistakes. If you’re having difficulty writing a research proposal, or any other type of academic paper, check out the many academic writing tips available on our website, or order a custom academic paper.