How to Cite Other Sources in Vancouver Style

In our citation examples we use the following color coding:

  • Red – Author
  • Blue – Title of book/article/charter/webpage
  • Pink – Date
  • Orange – Website/Publisher
  • Turquoise – Place of publication
  • Violet – Editor/Translator
  • Sienna – Pages
  • Gray – URL/database/website where the source is retrieved
  • Gold – Book, a part/chapter of which is being cited
  • Peach – Additional information about the source (i.e. its type, specific features etc.)
Conference proceedings Conference paper Report Report accessed on the Internet Report on the Internet with no identified author Report: more than one publisher Lecture notes and course materials Thesis or dissertation Fact sheet Fact sheet accessed on the Internet

Conference proceedings

You can cite conference proceedings entirely or cite a particular conference paper. If you opt for the former, make sure to include information on the conference itself and the editor of the proceedings.

Example:

35. Castillo RR, Abarquez RF, Aquino AV, Sy RG, Gomez LA, Divinagracia RA, et al. editors. 10th Asia Pacific congress of hypertension—APCH 2014; 2014 Feb 12-15; Cebu City (Philippines). Florence (Italy): Monduzzi Editore, International Proceedings Division; c2014.

Note: the name of the conference, with its original capitalization and superscripts, appears on the reference page as indicated in the proceedings.

Note: the date of access (year proceeded by the letter “c”) needs to be indicated in case the proceedings are accessed from an electronic source.

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Conference paper

36. Jennings GLR. Approaches to the management of resistant hypertension. In: Castillo RR, Abarquez RF, Aquino AV, Sy RG, Gomez LA, Divinagracia RA, et al. editors. 10th Asia Pacific congress of hypertension—APCH 2014; 2014 Feb 12-15; Cebu City (Philippines). Florence (Italy): Monduzzi Editore, International Proceedings Division; c2014. p. 4-21.

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Report

Reports are cited as books, both in electronic and print forms. Reports might have additional information about them, such as the number of a report, but it can be omitted from the reference page entry.

Example:

37. Health Canada. The final report of the task force on cannabis legalization and regulation. Ottawa: Health Canada; 2016.

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Report accessed on the Internet

38. Lourey C. A contributing life: the 2012 national report card on mental health and suicide prevention [Internet]. National Mental Health Commission [cited 2015 Jun 29]. Available from: http://www.mentalhealthcommission.gov.au/media/39273/NMHC_ReportCard_Lo-res.pdf.

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Report on the Internet with no identified author

39. Australian influenza surveillance report [Internet]. Canberra: Australian Government Department of Health and Ageing; 2011 [cited 2011 Sept 2]. Report No.: 12. Available from: http://www.health.gov.au/internet/main/publishing.nsf/Content/cda-ozflu-no12-11.htm/$file/ozflu-no12-2011.pdf.

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Report: more than one publisher

If a report is published by more than one organization, avoid listing more than one organization in the publisher part of a reference page entry. Instead, put the name of just one organization (the one that is listed first in your source) in that part and write a note at the end of the entry to indicate other publisher.

Example:

40. Essentially yours: the protection of human genetic information in Australia [Internet]. Sydney: Australian Law Reform Commission; 2003 [cited 2010 Sept 30]. Report No.: ALCR 96. Available from: http://www.alrc.gov.au/sites/default/files/pdfs/publications/ALRC96_vol1.pdf. Joint publication of the National Health and Medical Research Council Australia.

Note: this example indicates the report number. It is not necessary but preferable if this number is written in your source.

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Lecture notes and course materials

If you want to cite unpublished materials that you have accessed during lectures or lessons, you should indicate the source by providing the author’s name (for example, that of your professor’s), the subject of the lecture or materials, and the date when the information was delivered or accessed.

Example:

41. Wallace JW. Interpersonal communication as the source of professional development [unpublished lecture notes]. University of Georgia; notes provided at lecture given 2017 January 11.

Note: always consult your instructor on the use of such sources. Unpublished lecture notes and course materials fall into the personal communication category of sources, the use of which may be somewhat questionable.

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Thesis or dissertation

Some dissertations are published in the print form, and they can be cited as books. For other cases, see the example below.

Example:

42. Della Porta MD. Enhancing the effects of happiness-boosting activities: the role of autonomy support in an experimental longitudinal intervention [doctoral thesis]. [Riverside (US)]: University of California; 2012.

Note: the type of work, such as doctoral thesis, dissertation, or master’s thesis, is in square brackets after the work’s name.

Note: after this, indicate the place of publication, which is the location of the university where the thesis or dissertation was defended. Do not forget to include a country code (see the list of ISO country codes here).

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Fact sheet

Fact sheets are a common format of publications in medicine and healthcare, which is why they belong to a separate category of sources in citing.

Example:

43. Children: reducing mortality. Geneva: World Health Organization; 2016.

Note: as the place of publication, you can use the headquarters’ location of the organization that composed a fact sheet.

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Fact sheet accessed on the Internet

44. Chikungunya virus fact sheet [Internet]. Canberra: The Department of Health; 2015 Jun 24 [cited 2015 Jun 24]. Available from: http://www.health.gov.au/internet/main/publishing.nsf/Content/ohp-chikungunya-fact-sheet.htm.

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